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Disconnect Between Hadley Cell and Subtropical Jet Variability and Response to Increased CO2

The subtropical jet (STJ) is thought to coexist with the edge of the Hadley cell (HC). However, recent studies reveal that the location of the STJ is poorly correlated with the latitude of the poleward edge of the HC. Here we use output from the …

Connecting Direct Effects of CO2 Radiative Forcing to Ocean Heat Uptake and Circulation

The ocean’s response to direct atmospheric effects of increased carbon dioxide’s (CO2) radiative forcing is examined. These direct effects are defined as the climate changes that result from forcing on a fast time scale of about a year, independent …